Answered: Your Most Burning Questions About Will I Run Out Of Money In Retirement?
Updated: Nov 8, 2020
Investment planning is different from retirement planning and as retirement age Americans sit helplessly waiting for a cure to COVID-19, retirement portfolios are starting to amass losses as the stock market plunges into a bear market.
When you plan for retirement you're really deciding how much money you'll need for the rest of your life and calculating how much income you will need for retirement isn’t necessarily an easy task.
Most people talk about living on a fixed income that includes Social Security, because they're guaranteed to receive that income through retirement. To supplement Social Security, many people add savings of their own, because Social Security may not cover all their wants and needs. Also, the future of Social Security is becoming more and more uncertain.
As you review your retirement statement, you may be thinking it seems like a good amount of money now. What's wrong with having a fixed income? Although a fixed income is fine, as long as your expenses are fixed - and considering the overall trends and inflation, the money you save today could lose value over time and that might impact your purchasing power in ways you hadn't planned.
Say you're retired and you have a fixed income. For now it covers the things you have to spend money on like housing, food, fuel and healthcare costs. You must also consider the things you want to spend your money on like: * A night at the movies * A trip to the mall or * A special occasion
Here are the common areas of retirement spending:
Housing: rent or mortgage payments, property taxes, homeowners or renters insurance, property repairs and maintenance
Food and grocery
Utilities: gas, electric, telephone, cell, water, cable TV
Transportation: car payments, auto insurance, gas, car upkeep and repairs, public transportation
Insurance: medical, dental, disability, life, long-term care
Healthcare costs not paid by insurance: deductibles, co-pays, prescription drugs
Care services for parents or loved ones: costs for nursing home, home health aide, or other type of assisted living services
Recreation: eating out, entertainment & hobbies, travel
Debt: personal loans, business loans, credit card payments
Taxes: income (federal and state), capital gains tax, alternative minimum tax (if applicable)
Education: personal student loans, children's student loans or educational expenses, grandchildren's student loans or educational expenses
Investments: contributions to IRAs, investment accounts, annuities, any other portfolio assets
Gifts: charitable and personal giving
Miscellaneous: personal caretaking, club memberships, subscriptions, pets, so on
Healthcare will become more costly as you go along in retirement as well. Include some buffer in your projections for health costs. Ask for guidance from a financial professional to help you confirm that your estimates are on point and are realistic.
As the years go on, you can bet your costs will go up and meanwhile your fixed income is well, fixed. If you enter retirement in a bear market, a sequence of returns could greatly reduce your retirement income.
So then what do you do? Well you can't avoid your medical bills. Your housing costs such as maintenance, insurance, property taxes, utilities, aren't going away, and there's only so much you can cut from your food budget, such as cookies, snacks and sodas.
So you end up having to hold back on the things you really enjoy, like:
Trying a new restaurant you've been meaning to visit
Weekend out of town
Your grandkids birthday gifts
Suddenly, it sounds a lot less fun. Doesn't it? If you're relying on sources that offer limited ways to increase income, there could be some tough decisions ahead.
Although you may not even know where to start when trying to estimate how much retirement money you will need, there are a few rules of thumb that you can follow to help get you started.
Start With A Baseline of Your Current Lifestyle and Income
The first thing to look at is the amount of income that you need right now. This will give you a baseline to work off. Say your current lifestyle costs $60,000 of income per year to support. Your future retirement lifestyle will probably need an income that is somewhere near that level, unless major medical expenses arise (which can happen).
If you needed much more income than that to support your future lifestyle, you might consider delaying Social Security. Your benefits will accrue with each year you wait. If you kept on working, it would also give you more time to invest and grow your nest egg.
The SECURE Act allows you to keep contributing to your retirement plan as long as you are still employed in the workforce regardless of age. Ultimately, that would help you be even better prepared for the transition to a secure and comfortable retirement.
Since your current income supports your present lifestyle, it's a natural starting point to estimate your retirement income needs.
Calculate Your Expected Future Income
From there, start doing a deep dive into numbers. Write down estimates for expected future retirement spending. The more you go into your current expenses and really think about how those expenses might change over time, the better prepared you will be when you switch over to retirement.
Don't forget to include inflation in your projections here. Some expenses are likely to change during your retirement, such as the house payment or educational expenses of loved ones.
How Long Will Your Retirement Last?
You will need to decide the age you wish to retire and how long you expect for your retirement to last. That will determine how many years of annual income you will need that you were estimating above.
It’s true that people are living longer, however family history and your personal medical history can provide strong clues of how long you might live for. Nevertheless, err on the side of caution and use a prudent timeline for your planning. A 30-year span or longer is a conservative time window to use in your income planning.
Identify Your Sources of Retirement Income
From there, identify your sources of income.
* What sources of retirement income will be available to you? * Does your employer offer you a pension? * What age will you claim Social Security? * How much will you receive in monthly payouts from Social Security by claiming your benefits at that point?